The EU member states have committed to relocating Syrian refugees from Turkey to the EU area. This concerns Syrian refugees currently staying in Turkey whom the UNHCR proposes for relocation. In relocation arrangements, for each Syrian returned from Greece the EU accepts one Syrian refugee from Turkey.
In addition to Finland, Germany and the Netherlands were the first EU countries to accept Syrian refugees from Turkey. In 2018, Finland committed to take a total of 750 Syrian quota refugees from Turkey, and Congolese refugees from Zambia.
In internal transfers, priority for asylum seekers in a vulnerable position
The European Council has decided internally to transfer a total of 160,000 asylum seekers within the EU area during a two-year period, by the end of September 2017. According to the decision, persons in a vulnerable position take precedence.
Through internal transfers, Finland accepted almost 2,000 asylum seekers from Italy and Greece. The applications of these people are dealt with in the same way as all other asylum seekers coming to Finland. Each applicant is investigated to see whether he/she is eligible for international protection in Finland.
Nationalities eligible for internal transfers are only those 75% of which have been granted international protection (asylum or residence permit based on subsidiary protection), when examining the whole EU area. Since spring 2016, those arriving in Greece have not been eligible for transfers, irrespective of their nationality.
By accepting refugees and asylum seekers, Finland is bearing responsibility for asylum seekers and is also showing solidarity with third countries.